However, like me, some are convinced that biological factors are the main reasons children commit violent acts.
The boys belief in the beast leads them to behave more like savages as they act out from their fear and they begin to loose hold of the rules, led by Jack, thus demonstrating the theme of savagery.
We may note that the characters who struggle most successfully against their evil instincts do so by appealing to ethical or social codes of behavior.
The Conch's power is presented in the very beginning on pg 22 as the children vote for Ralph to be chief just because he was the one with the Conch. If you look on the surface you see some kids who are doing what kids do and that is to be crazy and have fun.
Many different parts of human nature can all lead to the destruction of society. Ralph has some good traits that help him maintain peace and balance for a period of time. The boys' assemblies are likened to both ends of the social or civil spectrum, from pre-verbal tribe gatherings to modern governmental institutions, indicating that while the forum for politics has changed over the millennia, the dynamic remains the same.
After an emergency landing, Golding places a diverse group of boys on the island that soon turns out to be anything but utopia. This suggests there is still some glimmers of civilisation on the island at this point as there is still someone with a sense of moral goodness ready to fight for justice.
The repeated substitution of boy for pig in the childrens' ritual games, and in their conversation, calls attention to the consequences of their self-gratifying behavior: concerned only with their own base desires, the boys have become unable to see each other as anything more than objects subject to their individual wills.
The scholarly, sensible Piggy is a born administrator, one who understands how to categorize and effectively utilize information.