Seq lenin s economic policy

Bolshevik economic policies

In , German exports to Rumania amounted to 55 million marks. Simply to compare colonies with non-colonies, one imperialism with another imperialism, one semi-colony or colony Egypt with all other countries, is to evade and to obscure the very essence of the question. This movement for national independence threatens European capital in its most valuable and most promising fields of exploitation, and European capital can maintain its domination only by continually increasing its military forces. But very brief definitions, although convenient, for they sum up the main points, are nevertheless inadequate, since we have to deduce from them some especially important features of the phenomenon that has to be defined. With the same object in view, I have quoted detailed statistics which enable one to see to what degree bank capital, etc. An increasing proportion of land in England is being taken out of cultivation and used for sport, for the diversion of the rich. A new Chilean loan floated by the German banks in was followed by a rise of exports to 84,, marks in , only to fall again to 52,, marks in Monopoly is the transition from capitalism to a higher system. But they forget that as far as the bourgeoisie is concerned the situation in Germany is becoming more and more like that in France. Loans were floated in and ; German exports to Argentina reached 60,, marks Hence the extraordinary growth of a class, or rather, of a stratum of rentiers, i. The characteristic feature of imperialism is precisely that it strives to annex not only agrarian territories, but even most highly industrialised regions German appetite for Belgium; French appetite for Lorraine , because 1 the fact that the world is already partitioned obliges those contemplating a redivision to reach out for every kind of territory, and 2 an essential feature of imperialism is the rivalry between several great powers in the striving for hegemony, i. Kautsky enters into controversy with the German apologist of imperialism and annexations, Cunow, who clumsily and cynically argues that imperialism is present-day capitalism; the development of capitalism is inevitable and progressive; therefore imperialism is progressive; therefore, we should grovel before it and glorify it! Imperialism is the epoch of finance capital and of monopolies, which introduce everywhere the striving for domination, not for freedom.

Since monopoly prices are established, even temporarily, the motive cause of technical and, consequently, of all other progress disappears to a certain extent and, further, the economic possibility arises of deliberately retarding technical progress.

And what better consolation could there be than the theory that imperialism is not so bad; that it stands close to inter- or ultra- imperialism, which can ensure permanent peace?

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Further, imperialism is an immense accumulation of money capital in a few countries, amounting, as we have seen, to , million francs in securities. It is correct, but very incomplete, for politically, imperialism is, in general, a striving towards violence and reaction.

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The question is: will many believe that he does so because he has a horror of annexations as such, and not because he himself has a desire to annex the Philippines? I refer to parasitism, which is characteristic of imperialism. There are actual examples of alliances of this kind in the history of the twentieth century—the attitude of the powers to China, for instance.

Seq lenin s economic policy

Here is a brief summary of the economic data he quotes on these regions. While objecting to annexations , he presents his objections in a form that is most acceptable and least offensive to the opportunists. If it were necessary to give the briefest possible definition of imperialism we should have to say that imperialism is the monopoly stage of capitalism. Simply to compare colonies with non-colonies, one imperialism with another imperialism, one semi-colony or colony Egypt with all other countries, is to evade and to obscure the very essence of the question. A new Chilean loan floated by the German banks in was followed by a rise of exports to 84,, marks in , only to fall again to 52,, marks in It is out of the question. Such a definition would include what is most important, for, on the one hand, finance capital is the bank capital of a few very big monopolist banks, merged with the capital of the monopolist associations of industrialists; and, on the other hand, the division of the world is the transition from a colonial policy which has extended without hindrance to territories unseized by any capitalist power, to a colonial policy of monopolist possession of the territory of the world, which has been completely divided up. Since monopoly prices are established, even temporarily, the motive cause of technical and, consequently, of all other progress disappears to a certain extent and, further, the economic possibility arises of deliberately retarding technical progress.

It follows, then, that the territorial division of the world, which was completed during this very epoch of finance capital, and which constitutes the basis of the present peculiar forms of rivalry between the biggest capitalist states, is compatible with a non-imperialist policy.

With the same object in view, I have quoted detailed statistics which enable one to see to what degree bank capital, etc. The creditor is more firmly attached to the debtor than the seller is to the buyer.

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This is because the only conceivable basis under capitalism for the division of spheres of influence, interests, colonies, etc. The question is: will many believe that he does so because he has a horror of annexations as such, and not because he himself has a desire to annex the Philippines? It was not until that they regained and surpassed the level of , and then only as a result of new loans floated by the state and by municipalities, with advances to build power stations, and with other credit operations. And what better consolation could there be than the theory that imperialism is not so bad; that it stands close to inter- or ultra- imperialism, which can ensure permanent peace? II, p. Can it be achieved? There are actual examples of alliances of this kind in the history of the twentieth century—the attitude of the powers to China, for instance.

Kautsky enters into controversy with the German apologist of imperialism and annexations, Cunow, who clumsily and cynically argues that imperialism is present-day capitalism; the development of capitalism is inevitable and progressive; therefore imperialism is progressive; therefore, we should grovel before it and glorify it!

He addresses himself to a German audience, yet he obscures the most topical and important point, for instance, the annexation of Alsace-Lorraine by Germany. The number of rentiers in England is about one million.

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New Economic Policy